13 August 2021 Bulletin

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Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23. [1]

It occurs in nature as a white-to-grey metal compounds, and is often found as crystals. Pure vanadium has no smell. It usually combines with other elements such as oxygen, sodium, sulfur, or chloride. [2] Vanadium resists corrosion due to a protective film of oxide on the surface. Common oxidation states of vanadium include +2, +3, +4 and +5. [3] Vanadium and vanadium compounds can be found in the earth’s crust and in rocks, some iron ores, and crude petroleum deposits. [2]

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