Cannabidiol, also commonly referred to as CBD (chemical formula: C21H30O2), appears as a pale yellow resin or crystalline solid. It doesn’t mix well with water, however it is soluble in ethanol, methanol, ether, benzene, chloroform and petroleum ether. While derived from the cannabis plant and makes up 40% of the plant’s extract, cannabidiol does not contain the same level of THC that is responsible for that “high feeling” associated with cannabis use.
Cannabinol is used to treat a variety of conditions including, pain, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, and cancer related symptoms among several others. As a consumer product, cannabidiol is commonly found as CBD oil as well as a wide range of goods such as, gummies, cosmetics, food products and capsules. Clinical research is still insufficient to conclusively prove cannabidiols effectiveness for all of these conditions, however users continue to swear by the drug. As cannabidiol’s popularity increases across the globe due to its perceived benefits, the laws and regulations of each country continue to dictate the legality of its use.
The routes of exposure for cannabidiol include inhalation, ingestion and skin and eye contact.
Inhalation of cannabidiol is not thought to produce respiratory irritation, however people with already compromised respiratory function (conditions such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis), may suffer further disability upon inhalation. Those with prior circulatory, nervous system or kidney damage should also take extra precautions when handling the chemical. Limited evidence also suggests a single exposure to the substance may cause irreversible, but non-lethal mutagenic effects.
Ingestion of cannabidiol may cause nausea and vomiting. The substance may cause further damage to those with pre-existing organ damage. Ingestion of insignificant quantities is not thought to be cause for concern.
Though cannabidiol is not thought to be a skin irritant, good hygiene practices to keep exposure at a minimum is recommended. Systemic effects can result following entry into the bloodstream, so it is important that the skin is inspected for open cuts or wounds prior to handling the chemical.
Direct eye exposure to the chemical may cause transient discomfort characterised by tearing and redness. Slight abrasive damage may also result.
If inhaled, remove the patient from the contaminated area to the nearest fresh air source. Encourage the patient to blow their nose to clear their airways. Seek medical attention if irritation or discomfort persist.
If swallowed, immediately give the patient a glass of water. First aid is generally unrequired, but if in doubt, seek medical attention.
In the event of skin exposure, remove all contaminated clothing, footwear and accessories and flush the affected area with plenty of soap and running water. Seek medical attention in the event of irritation.
If exposed to the eyes, flush the eyes out immediately with fresh running water, remembering to wash under the eyelids. Removal of contact lenses should only be done by a skilled individual. Seek medical attention if irritation occurs.
Emergency eyewash fountains and safety showers should be accessible in the immediate area of the potential exposure to the chemical and there should always be adequate ventilation to remove or dilute any air contaminants (install local exhaust if necessary).
The PPE recommended when handling cannabidiol includes, chemical goggles, full face shields, half face respirators, PVC/rubber gloves, protective shoe covers, head coverings and vinyl suits in cases of emergency.
Cannabidiol can be used to successfully treat a variety of disorders, however the proper precautions must be taken when handling it. Always refer to the SDS to ensure you are fully aware of the hazards and risks before you begin handling the chemical. Click here for a trial of our SDS Management Software or contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information about our chemicals management solutions.
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